资源与产业 ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 38-49.DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20210226.001

• 非主题来稿选登 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于生态系统服务价值的水源地生态补偿研究——以南水北调东线扬州市为例

孙付华1, 2, 3,熊佳丽2, 3, 4,高鑫3,4,赖秀萍2,3,4,张晓杰2,3,4   

  1. (1河海大学 农业科学与工程学院,江苏 南京 211100;2长江保护与绿色发展研究所,江苏 南京 210098; 
    3河海大学 环境会计与资产经营管理研究所,江苏 南京 211100;4河海大学 商学院,江苏 南京 211100)
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-26 修回日期:2021-01-22 出版日期:2021-06-20 发布日期:2021-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 高鑫,博士生,主要从事生态补偿研究 85097956@qq.com
  • 作者简介:孙付华, 博士、副教授,主要从事生态补偿、资源环境会计研究 mail: fhsun@hhu.edu.com
  • 基金资助:

     江苏省水利科技项目(2018034)

A CASE STUDY ON YANGZHOU CITY: WATER SOURCE ECOLOGICAL COMPENSATION BASED ON ECOSYSTEM SERVICING VALUES 

 SUN Fuhua1, 2, 3, XIONG Jiali2, 3, 4, GAO Xin3, 4, LAI Xiuping2, 3, 4, ZHANG Xiaojie2, 3, 4   

  1.  (1.School of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China; 
    2.Institute of Yangtze River Protection and Green Development, Nanjing 210098, China; 
    3.Institute of Environmental Accounting and Asset Management, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China;
    4.Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China)
  • Received:2020-08-26 Revised:2021-01-22 Online:2021-06-20 Published:2021-06-20

摘要:

生态补偿是协调区域经济发展和生态环境保护的重要机制,补偿标准的确定和补偿资金的分配是生态补偿的难题。文章基于生态系统服务价值法,利用GIS和遥感技术,分析了扬州市2010年、2015年和2018年土地利用类型和生态系统服务价值的变化,确立受水区生态补偿支付标准上限,引入生态补偿优先级(ECPS)对水源地各区补偿的迫切程度进行量化,并建立补偿资金分配机制。研究表明:1)2010—2018年扬州市土地利用结构变化显著,生态系统服务价值从553.58亿元降低到467.99亿元,其中水体和水田生态系统服务价值减少最为显著,占比90.38%;2)受水区应给予补偿的生态系统服务价值为20.91亿元,而支付标准上限为13.59亿元,二级服务水文调节价值占比80.02%,是补偿的核心;3)补偿顺序和补偿资金分配情况依次为高邮市(10.13亿元)、宝应区(5.08亿元)、邗江区(2.81亿元)、江都区(1.79亿元)、仪征市(0.93亿元)和广陵区(0.17亿元)。最后从明确补偿对象、建立监督机制、形成多元化补偿等角度提出相关建议,以期完善水源地生态补偿机制。

关键词: 生态补偿, 生态系统服务价值, 优先补偿级, 南水北调东线工程, 扬州市

Abstract:

Ecological compensation is a vital mechanism in balancing regional economy and eco\|environmental protection. How to determine compensation standard and how to distribute compensation fund is a hard point. This paper uses eco\|system servicing value, GIS and remote sensing to analyze the changes in land use types and eco-system servicing values of Yangzhou in 2010, 2015 and 2018, which is applied to determine the upper limit of ecological compensation of water receiving area. ECPS is adopted to distribute the compensation fund. Yangzhou's land use structure has changed a lot during 2010 to 2018, with eco-system servicing value dropping to RMB 46 799 million from 55 359 million, 90.38% from water use eco\|system. Water receiving areas shall pay 2 091 million compensation, but the upper payment limit is 1 359 million, indicating an adjusted value by secondary water servicing at 80.02%, core compensation. Compensation funds are to be distributed to Gaoyou (1 013 million), Baoying (508 million), Hanjiang (281 million), Jiangdu (179 million), Yizheng (93 million) and Guangling (17 million) in an decreasing order. This paper presents suggestions on improving water source ecological compensation mechanism from determining compensation targets, setting up supervision and forming multiple compensation.

Key words: ecological compensation, eco-system servicing value, priority compensation, South-Water-North-Transfer East Line Project, Yangzhou

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