资源与产业 ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 94-104.DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20210622.001

• 非主题来稿选登 • 上一篇    

生态产品价值实现的系统边界及路径研究

 周伟沈镭钟帅   

  1.  (1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2.自然资源部资源环境承载力评价重点实验室,北京 101149;
    3.中国自然资源经济研究院,北京 101149;
    4.中国科学院大学,北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-24 修回日期:2021-06-16 出版日期:2023-08-20 发布日期:2021-11-22
  • 通讯作者: 沈镭,博士、研究员,主要从事能源和矿产资源经济与政策,以及区域可持续发展研究
  • 作者简介:周伟,博士研究生、助理研究员,主要从事自然资源经济管理、资源生态研究
  • 基金资助:

     (1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;

    2.自然资源部资源环境承载力评价重点实验室,北京 101149;
    3.中国自然资源经济研究院,北京 101149;
    4.中国科学院大学,北京 100049)

System Margin and Path Research of Ecological Product Value Implementation

 ZHOU Wei, SHEN Lei, ZHONG Shuai, et al   

  1.  (1Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101,China;
    (1Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101,China;
    2Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Beijing 101149, China;
    3Chinese Academy of Natural Resources Economics Beijing 101149, China; 
    4University of Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2020-08-24 Revised:2021-06-16 Online:2023-08-20 Published:2021-11-22
  • About author:mail:zhouw.18b@igsnrr.ac.cn;zhouwei2067@126.com

摘要:

实现生态产品价值是我国生态文明建设的重要内容,也是我国自然资源政策制定与管理实践的迫切需求。本文根据生态产品价值实现需求界定了生态产品的概念内涵,构建了生态产品价值的系统边界。在边界内从生态系统、生态产品价值构成、生态产品核算、权衡等方面论述了生态产品价值实现的基础。本文还利用生命周期规律构建了生态产品价值实现路径系统,包括生态系统、生态产品、核算、权衡、生产、交易、消费等单元过程。在对生态系统及生态产品进行实践分析基础上,总结了生产、交易、消费三个关键环节的可选路径。生态产品价值实现路径选择的实质是界定不同交易方式,并将各生产阶段产出的生态产品转化为消费阶段的消费品。生产阶段的核心是生产要素的输入者和输入方式,消费阶段重点是支付者,而支付者与生态产品的消费类型相关。参考路径开展不同生态系统和生态产品价值实现全流程分析与总结,对于创新生态产品价值实现具有重要的指导意义。

关键词: 生态系统, 生态产品, 系统边界, 价值实现, 路径

Abstract:

Realizing ecological product values is a key part of China’s ecological civilization construction, and a necessity for China to make policy and manage natural resources. This paper gives definition of conceptual content of ecological products according to realization need of ecological product values, and establishes a system margin of ecological product values, in which the basis of realizing ecological product values is discussed from ecological system, ecological product value constitution, ecological product accounting and balancing. Life circle rule is used to build the approaches to ecological product values, including unit processes of ecological system, ecological products, accounting, balancing, producing, trading and consuming. Alternative approaches involve three key steps, producing, trading and consuming. Selection of them is actually to define the trading ways and to turn products into consumer goods. The core in producing stage is supplier and supplying means of productive elements, the key in consuming stage is payer who is related to consuming category of ecological products. Analysis and summary of approaches to different ecological systems and realization of ecological product values provides references for the innovation of realizing ecological product values.

Key words: ecological system, ecological product, system margin, realizing ecological product values, realization path

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