资源与产业 ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 50-59.DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20210223.001

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山东省旅游经济系统的韧性测度与障碍因素分析

 庞冬彦1,赵林1,2,于伟2,王倩1   

  1. (1曲阜师范大学 地理与旅游学院,山东 日照276826;2山东省日照市国土空间规划与生态建设重点实验室,山东 日照 276826)
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-04 修回日期:2021-02-10 出版日期:2021-06-20 发布日期:2021-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 赵林,博士、副教授,从事经济地理研究 zhaolin19880112@126.com
  • 作者简介:庞冬彦,本科生,从事旅游地理学研究 1378915197@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

     山东省社会科学规划研究项目(18CLYJ09);山东省教育服务新旧动能转换专业对接产业项目(JLXJDN2019025)

RESILIENCE MEASUREMENT AND OBSTACLE FACTORS OF TOURISM ECONOMY IN SHANDONG PROVINCE

 PANG Dongyan1, ZHAO Lin1, 2, YU Wei2, WANG Qian1   

  1. (1.School of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, China; 2.Rizhao Key Laboratory of Land Space Planning and Ecological Construction, Rizhao 276826,China)
  • Received:2020-07-04 Revised:2021-02-10 Online:2021-06-20 Published:2021-06-20

摘要:

文章运用熵值法测度了山东省旅游经济系统的韧性,刻画了其空间格局特征,并在此基础上采用地理探测器和障碍度模型分析了旅游经济系统的影响因子与障碍因素。结果表明:1)韧性类型方面,山东省旅游经济系统韧性整体处于中等水平,较高水平的地区仅有济南、青岛,中等水平地区主要有烟台、潍坊、临沂、济宁,较低水平的地区有鲁西北部分地区、鲁西南的大部分地区以及鲁东南的日照等地;2)空间格局方面,高等韧性水平的青岛、较高韧性水平的济南,与位于鲁东南、鲁东地区的中等韧性水平地区相连,大致以“U”型空间格局分布,低等韧性水平地区则主要连片分布于鲁西北地区;3)空间分异成因方面,财政保障水平(X1)、居民消费能力(X4)、进出口水平(X5)对韧性空间分异格局的影响较为显著;4)障碍因素方面,旅游专业院校情况(D1)、旅游经济重构能力(C2)、旅游经济发展指数(A2)是山东省旅游经济系统韧性水平提升的主要障碍因素。

关键词: 韧性, 旅游经济系统, 熵值法, 地理探测器, 障碍度, 山东省

Abstract:

This paper uses entropy to measure the resilience of Shandongs tourism economy, discusses its spatial pattern, and applies geographic detector and obstacle model to analyze its factors. The resilience of Shandongs tourism system is generally at a medium level, higher in Jinan, Qingdao, average in Yantai, Weifang, Linyi, Jining, and lower in northwest, southwest and southeast. It shows a “U-shaped” spatial pattern that Qingdao of high resilience and Jinan of relatively high resilience are connecting to southeast and east with medium resilience, the northwest is massively of low resilience. The spatial differentiation is mainly contributed by financial guarantee level (X1), resident consumption capabilities (X4), import & export level (X5). The chief obstacles against resilience are tourism major in university (D1),  tourism economy reconstructing capability (C2), and  tourism economy level (A2).

Key words: resilience, tourism economy system, entropy, geographic detector, obstacle, Shandong province

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