资源与产业 ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 43-52.DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20210601.004

• 非主题来稿选登 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向高质量绿色发展的水资源污染防治政策评价及优化路径探究: 基于PMC指数模型

 刘亚婷张庆   

  1.  (1河海大学商学院,江苏南京211100;2河北师范大学商学院,河北石家庄050024)
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-27 修回日期:2021-04-21 出版日期:2023-08-20 发布日期:2021-11-22
  • 作者简介:刘亚婷,女,硕士生,主要从事人力资源管理、技术战略与创新管理研究
  • 基金资助:

    教育部哲学人文社科项目(19YJC630155);江苏省社会科学基金项目(19GLD002)

EVALUATION AND OPTIMIZATION PATH OF WATER POLLUTION CONTROL POLICIES
FOR HIGH\|QUALITY GREEN DEVELOPMENT BASED ON PMC INDEX MODEL

 LIU Yating, ZHANG Qing   

  1.  (1Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China; 
    2Business School, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China)
  • Received:2020-11-27 Revised:2021-04-21 Online:2023-08-20 Published:2021-11-22
  • About author:mail: 793064735@qq.com

摘要:

 选取10项典型的水资源污染防治政策为研究样本,利用文本挖掘和PMC指数模型构建评价体系。根据PMC指数和PMC立体曲面图对水污染防治政策进行评估,以期为推动高质量绿色发展、建设“人水和谐”的水环境提供参考。研究表明:10项政策中有1项达到完美级别,5项为优秀级别,4项为可接受级别,10项政策的PMC指数平均值为8.17,我国水资源污染防治政策设计整体较为合理。最后根据评估结果并结合我国水生态治理情况,提出了以下优化建议:政府主导构建协同共治机制,完善法律法规,加强监督与管理;资金与技术“双管齐下”,增加政府资金投入,鼓励市场资本投资,强化技术支撑;构建多元均衡的政策工具体系,组合使用多种类型政策工具;鼓励多元主体参与,加强生态文明理念宣传。

关键词: 水资源污染防治政策, 量化评估, PMC指数模型, 文本挖掘

Abstract:

This paper uses references and PMC index model to establish an evaluation system based on 10 typical cases of water pollution control policies, which have been evaluated according to PMC index and PMC stereoscopic surface, aiming at offering references for high-quality green development and coordinated human\|water environment. Among the policies, 1 is perfect, 5 are excellent and the rest are acceptable. Their average PMC index is 817, suggesting a generally rational water pollution control policy design in China. This paper presents suggestions on optimizing water pollution control policies based on China's actual water ecological management from government\|oriented mutual management, laws and supervision, increasing governmental and market capital input and intensifying technical supports, constructing balanced policy system, and encouraging diversified involvement and boosting ecological culture propaganda.

Key words: water pollution control policies, quantitative evaluation PMC index model, text study

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