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    CHINA'S LITHIUM RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT ACTUALITY AND APPROACHES
    Li Kang, Wang Jian-ping
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 82-86.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.008
    Abstract10397)      PDF(pc) (1168KB)(21266)       Save
    This paper, based on China's lithium resource development actuality, analyzes its issues, and presents suggestions for its sustainable development. Chinas lithium resources are mostly concentrated in Tibet, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Sichuan and Jiangxi. The major types are rock type and brine type. As brine lithium has been developed in recent years, China has been a lithium resource country. Due to many factors, China has a poor development extent and is highly dependent upon imported lithium.China is also the biggest lithium consumer. Issues in China's lithium industry include poor technology, irrational industrial structure, poor development extent of brine lithium, low recovery in processing and recycling, environmental pollution. This paper presents suggestions on adjusting policies, optimizing industrial structure, intensifying cooperation among companies, establishing industrial association, boosting production technology, increasing recovery and focusing on environmental protection.
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    BIOENERGY PRODUCTION ON MARGINAL LAND: A LITERATURE REVIEW
    Liu Ting-ting, Ma Zhong-yu, Xie Hai-yan
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 19-25.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.002
    Abstract7404)      PDF(pc) (1138KB)(21146)       Save
    A rising demand for bioenergy which is made of crops will lead to a surging conflict with land for crops. Using marginal land for planting bioenergy crops may be one solution.This paper, from marginal land potential, economy, environment and policy, reviews the researches regarding using marginal land to plant bioenergy crops and concludes that the research is only starting, most concentrating on land potential, only a little on marginal land use.Due to lack of experimental data and mode, quantitative analysis is little. The existing research implies marginal land is of much potential, but the feasibility, environmental impact, direct and indirect land change and policies need further study.
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    ACTUALITY OF CHINESE CAPITAL IN AFRICA'S MINING SECTOR
    ZHAO Qi, ZHANG Wei-ping, LI Ying,at al
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 7-12.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.018
    Abstract8795)      PDF(pc) (3233KB)(20491)       Save
    This paper, according to the history of Chinese capital in Africas mining, analyzes its actuality from investing countries, investing ownership and investing domain. Africa possesses abundance of mineral resources, attracting vast investors, including many Chinese investors, who most concentrating in the south of the equator and in the coast. Most investors are stateowned enterprises, less are private. Their investments are chiefly focusing on mining and production, and secondarily on transferring technology and equipment. Investing domains are limited by different factors. Their investments are correlated. This paper presents suggestions for Chinese investors from investment environment, avoid of blindness, focusing a mutual development between stateowned enterprises and private capitals, exerting the importance of private capitals, developing the backend projects of mining chain to avoid risks and to maximize benefits.
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    DEVELOPMENT ACTUALITY AND SUGGESTIONS OF CHINA'S ANTIMONY INDUSTRY
    Luo Ying-jie, Wang Xiao-lie, Liu Qun-yi,,Zhou Yan-jing, Zhao Qi
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 75-81.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.012
    Abstract8693)      PDF(pc) (1562KB)(20073)       Save
    This paper, based on antimony data, analyzes the development actuality of Chinas antimony industry from its resource distribution, production, consumption, demand, processing, trading, market and prices, and presents issues in developing antimony industry. China possesses abundance of antimony resources with large production scale, most for export. According to the issues, overdevelopment,low guarantee of resource, small demand, surplus of products, low price, this paper gives suggestions, based on survey and references, on intensifying exploration, controlling production scale, increasing processing technology, boosting application, and offering supportive policies.
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    DYNAMIC CHANGE OF BEIJING'S ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
    Cai Chun-xiang, Ge Jian-ping
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 50-60.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.013
    Abstract7208)      PDF(pc) (1799KB)(19839)       Save
    This paper uses ecological footprint mode which is based on input/output technology to compare Beijing's ecological footprint in 2005 with 2010 with result showing a falling footprint, but not in sustainability. Footprint was classified as inside city, outside city and foreign zones. The inside city zone needs the most ecological footprint. The percentage of governmental consumption ecological footprint in 2010 rises by 9%, the fix capital by 5%, while the rural consumption falls by 14% and inventory by 1%. From the perspective of industry and demand, this paper analyzes the ecological footprint changes of Beijings 39 industries and 3 regions, and calculates that the agriculture, forestry, livestock, fishing, petroleum processing, nuclear processing, transportation, post, and warehousing and other industries occupy a higher percentage of ecological footprint.
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    STUDY ON RESOURCE TAXATION MODE
    LIU Ge-ge, MENG Lei
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 114-117.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.003
    Abstract7232)      PDF(pc) (1102KB)(19776)       Save
    This paper, based on the foreign resource taxation mode, compares it with Chinas resource taxation mode, finds out a better taxation mode which covers national financial income, guarantees enterprises benefits, and exerts resource taxation function, and presents a path to Chinas resource taxation mode reform. Resource taxation from quantity or from price is a taxation mode under specific development stage, links taxation to resource product quantity or price, promoting the adjustment and development of resource industry. Resource taxation from profits helps industrial adjustment and considers the sustainable development of resource enterprises, which should be another taxation mode during Chinas next resource taxation mode reform. 
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    SECURITIZATION OF MINING COMPANIES MINING RIGHTS
    Zhao Yong
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 118-125.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.016
    Abstract8650)      PDF(pc) (1395KB)(19694)       Save
    Securitization of mining rights is of significance for mining companies. This paper analyzes its trading structure aimed at optimizing Chinas capital structure and allocating mining capital. Securitization of mining rights can diversify mining companies financing path, speed up the fluidity of mining right assets, link resource to capital, and convert resource advantages to capital advantages. Its trading structure is composed of securitization participants and operation. Its trading organization structure includes resource level, core level and supportive level. Its trading process structure includes constructing mining asset pool, mining asset transfer, credit assessment and issuing assets. Under Chinas current securitization operation system, this paper designs two trading structures, ABN issued by interbank bond market and ABS issued by stock exchange.
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    RELATION AMONG POPULATION CHANGE, TECHNOLOGY CHOICE AND ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION IN CHINA
    Xue Ji-liang, Zhang Jian-wu
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 126-132.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.014
    Abstract8643)      PDF(pc) (1130KB)(19657)       Save
    Population change influences technology choice and economic transformation through labor supply and labor cost. This paper, based on China's 31 provinces macroscopic data from 1999—2012, applies simultaneous connecting equation to verify their relation among population change, technology choice and economic transformation with results showing changes in technology choice and population will change labor market and economic growth mode, which in centralwestern China lags behind that in eastern China. Technology choice and population change marks China's economic growth with trinity of technology, capital and labor, meaning a new entrance of China's economy. To better coordinate their relation, this paper suggests on promoting new industries, intensifying technology choice and dealing with population change, boosting regional development, enlarging internal demand, realizing new economic development.
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    RELATIONSHIP OF TRADE AND ENERGYECONOMY RELATIVE EFFICIENCY BETWEEN CHINA AND UK
    Liu Yi, Liu Hui-fang, Zhang Pei-qi
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 101-106.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.004
    Abstract7267)      PDF(pc) (1268KB)(19641)       Save
    Trading promotes economy, and impacts on energy consumption structure as well in trading countries. Thanks to technical advance, the economic value produced by unit energy consumption has been improved. This paper uses the relative efficiency comparison to study the influence of the bilateral trading on economy and energy consumption. This paper applies DEACCR mode to measure the change in energy economy efficiency and energy environment efficiency in China and the UK, and analyzes the relationship between trade and energyeconomy relative efficiency by means of multiple regression. As the bilateral trading goes on, energy economy efficiency has been promoted with higher economic value of unit energy consumption, favorable for the sustainable development of the two countries. There is little influence on their energy environment efficiency, but it still needs to adjust and optimize the trading structure.
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    DISCUSSION ON DEVELOPMENT MODES OF SHALLOW GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES
    Zhao Fang-shu, Liu Zhan-ning
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 32-36.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.017
    Abstract7224)      PDF(pc) (1198KB)(19618)       Save
    Geothermal resources, as clean renewable energy, contribute a lot to saving energy and reducing emission by their development. This paper, aiming at the barricades in mechanism, capital, information and technology in developing shallow geothermal resources,presents suggestions from franchising like heating company, making guidelines in heating fee and offering supportive policies. Three investment operation modes, project overall contract mode, contract energy management mode, and distributed thermal management mode, are discussed from a perspective of operation. The results show that the small shallow geothermal projects fit project overall contract mode,the new communities or new development zones fit contract energy management mode and the governmentoriented, city level projects fit the third mode. Their development modes shall match their development scales.
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    GUARANTEE EXTENT OF“THE 13rd FIVEYEARPLAN” MANGANESE INDUSTRY OF GUANGXI'S MANGANESE RESOURCE
    LIN Jian-hui
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 92-100.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.010
    Abstract7242)      PDF(pc) (1246KB)(19594)       Save
    This paper, based on the actuality of Guangxis manganese industry, uses statistics to analyze the manganese production and guarantee extent of manganese resource in the 13rd fiveyearplan. Ferroalloy production is predicted to be 5.86 million tons in 2020 by an annual rising rate 2.8%, electrolyzed metal manganese to be 348.600 tons and electrolyzed manganese dioxide to be 288.800 tons in 2020 by an annual rising rate 10%. Guangxi's remaining manganese reserve is 3665 million tons in manganese oxide, 92.41 million tons in manganese carbonate. Manganese oxide is predicted to be 3.8255 million tons in 2010 by an annual rising rate 2%, manganese carbonate 3.9683 million tons by 10%. During the 13rd fiveyearplan, Guangxi's manganese mines can only supply the 33%—35% of the demand of manganese oxide, with the rest relying on import or transfer. Its manganese carbonate production can fully meet the need of electrolyzed metal manganese and electrolyzed manganese dioxide.
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    WHOLE HYDRAULIC FRACTURING TECHNIQUE OF METAMORPHIC BURIED HILL RESERVOIR
    ZHANG Zi-ming
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 37-42.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.007
    Abstract7091)      PDF(pc) (1261KB)(19591)       Save
    S628 block which is a metamorphic buried hill reservoir with low or no oil recovery may gain commercial oilgas only after being fractured.Due to a deep buried depth, high pressure and developed fissure, it is difficult to fracture to fill sand.In order to reduce engineering risks and to increase oilgas recovery, this paper, based on reservoir evaluation before pressuring, production evaluation after pressuring, and fracturing parameters optimization, determines to use the whole hydraulic fracturing technique by combining similar fracturing experience. This technique, according to fissure length and residual conductivity under different permeability, selects hydraulic fracturing system, optimizes the pad liquid percentage, emission, frac sand filling size, determines the engineering parameters in accordance with the block features. Fifteen times of hydraulic fracturing were proceeded in S628 block with 100% success. 35 000 t oil was totally increased.
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    OVERSEAS MINING INVESTMENT COMPARISON BETWEENSTATEOWNED AND PRIVATE ENTERPRISES
    Yang Yong-wei, Wang Xun-lian
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 13-18.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.009
    Abstract8583)      PDF(pc) (1115KB)(19590)       Save
    This paper expounds the stateowned and private enterprises overseas mining investment actuality, pros and cons, and presents suggestions based on the rare success cases in overseas mining investment. The stateowned enterprises are of capital, nations supports, stable employee, but a mechanic system, longwaiting approval process and decision, low marketing and efficiency, while the private enterprises show the reverse. They should cooperate to match each other to reach a winwin by reforming stateowned enterprises mixed ownership system, which uses their advantages to improve management and to make system and mechanism be more marketoriented, and to increase their core competitiveness of the mixed ownership system. Suggestions are presented from investment objectives, strategy, structure and modes, style, external supports, talents management, and safety to offer references for overseas mining investment.
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    QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS OF “ACTUALITY AND ISSUES INGREEN MINE DEVELOPMENT”
    HUANG Xu, HU Ke, WANG Jian
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 69-74.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.020
    Abstract7277)      PDF(pc) (1168KB)(19579)       Save
    This paper, based on a questionnaire carried out in some national green mines and their communities, analyzes the influence of mining on local environment and community, mines cultural construction, and the responsibilities of government, mines and communities. It concludes that the actuality of mine development is better than public opinions. Respect of local communitys rights and responsibility is the key to harmonious mine. Mines should change operational ideas to improve mines development actuality. Local community that shall not stand aside gets to know its rights and cooperate with mines, actively participating in mines project decision and sharing risks together with mines. Mines shall pay more attention to communitys position in mining activities, and invite local community to be participant and decision makers, which is the path to the integration of resource, ecological, economic and social benefits.
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    BENEFITS SHARE MECHANISM OF MINERAL RESOURCESDEVELOPMENT IN FRONTIER MINORITY AREAS
    Feng Cong
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 26-31.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.001
    Abstract11113)      PDF(pc) (1115KB)(19535)       Save
    This paper, based on harmonious mine construction experiences, to rich content of harmonious mine in frontier minority areas and to guarantee it,presents a path to benefits share mechanism of mineral resources development in frontier minority areas, which possess abundance of mineral resources and are national strategic bases. In order to reach a leapfrog development and safety, their abundant resources shall be converted to economic advantages and into a selfdeveloping well circular mechanism. To mine mineral resources in order must deal with the relation among environmental protection, benefits share, and social stability. The harmonious mine construction, sharing the benefits from mineral resources development, should be a strategy in sustainable and sound development of resources development in frontier minority areas.
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    DEVELOPMENT INDEX EVALUATION OF LAND URBANIZATION UNDER NEW URBANIZATION
    Fan Xing, Lin Ai-wen, Peng Yu-ling
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 107-113.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.011
    Abstract8501)      PDF(pc) (1638KB)(19504)       Save
    To explore the development level of land urbanization under new urbanization, this paper establishes evaluation index system for land urbanization from land structure, economic level, spatial concentration and infrastructure, and analyzes its trend, redundancy, stability and comprehensiveness from national and provincial levels. This index system is consistent with trend, stable with less redundancy. Annual flexibility index was measured to know that the land urbanization acceleration in 2007 is idealized, and on the basis of that the land urbanization development indexes of the country and each province from 2009—2013 are measured. The national land urbanization developed fast from 2009—2010,especially in Beijing, Tianjing, Hebei and Guangdong, but fell after 2010 with a stable acceleration in each province reaching a balance among them.
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    FACTORS ON QINGHAI'S GOLD MINING AND DEVELOPMENTBASED ON GREY CORRELATION
    GUO Xiao-fei, KONG Rui
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 43-49.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.019
    Abstract7430)      PDF(pc) (1125KB)(19501)       Save
    This paper studies the factors on Qinghais gold mining and development and provides references for China's strategy “the Belt and Road” and offers basis for enterprises to make decisions in exploring markets. By using the grey correlation method, this paper analyzes Qinghais gold resources, technology, capital, environmental protection, economy, market and policy. The national and local policies play a vital role in gold mining development in Qinghai, but the local macroscopic economy plays the top, which is a major drive to gold production, and next to it is capital investment and price. Gold resource and the demand of refinery processing decide the number of gold mining companies. The gold companies profits are constrained by technology and overall industrial development level. Environmental protection has little influence. Qinghai should use economic development to drive the reform of gold mining and development under the opportunity of “the Belt and Road”.
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    STUDY ON THE DILEMMA OF COPPER INDUSTRY
    LIU Chang
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 87-91.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.005
    Abstract7226)      PDF(pc) (1464KB)(19311)       Save
    Copper industry depends upon China's comprehensive national power and internal demand. China still has a rising metallic consumption which is required by the current industrialization stage. The copper price fluctuation has become a vital factor to influence China's copper profitability. The fluctuated raw material cost is weakening the profitability, thus confining the selection of raw materials. This paper, based on the China's copper consumption actuality and issues, exampled by Jiangxi copper group, compares it with other industrial listed companies operation, and simulates their relativity between retained profits and copper price rising rate. It presents the necessity of setting up enterprise risks guarantee fund, and gives a detailed operational guidelines from policy, capital source and fund uses.
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    FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE GAS EMISSIONINRESOURCESBASED CITY BASED ON LMDI MODE:A CASE STUDY ON XUZHOU
    LIU Jun ,LI Hui-juan , WANG Ye-chu
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 1-6.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.006
    Abstract7333)      PDF(pc) (1311KB)(19253)       Save
    This paper, based on a case study on Xuzhou, analyzes Xuzhou's industrial waste gas emission and its trend, uses LMDI to attribute the factors of waste gas emission to energy intensity, industrial structure, economic growth and population growth. Economic growth is the major source of industrial waste gas; population growth promotes its emission; energy intensity and industrial structure can effectively confine its production. Further study shows that chemical, metallic and water, heating and electronic supply industries are the key sectors in producing waste gas, up to 90%. This paper presents suggestions on reducing industrial waste gas emission from optimizing industrial structure, improving energy structure and intensifying innovation.
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    MULTIEXPERT EVALUATION METHOD OF GREEN MINE: A CASE STUDY ON XINWEN MINING GROUPS HUAFENG MINE
    Xu Jia-qiang, Yu Guang, He Da-yi
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (1): 61-68.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20151230.015
    Abstract7182)      PDF(pc) (1162KB)(19112)       Save
    “National green mine conditions” provides guidelines and basis to evaluate and construct Chinas green mines. In order to comprehensively evaluate green mines, this paper, based on the nine conditions, uses seven tier1 indexes, including laws, regulations, technical innovation, saving energy and reducing emission, environmental protection, land reclamation and community, and 25 tier2 indexes to construct green mine evaluation index system.By using expert scoring, entropy weight and minimum cross entropy, this paper integrates experts opinions to produce a comprehensive evaluation results. This method is a combination of subjective and objective weights, which avoids subjective arbitrariness and covers experts opinions. This method is applied to evaluate Xinwen mining groups Huafeng mine, which meets the requirements of green mines. This is consistent with the actuality, verifying the feasibility of this method.
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    A CASE STUDY ON NANSHAN DISTRICT,SHENZHEN CITY: QUALITY EVALUATION ON EXPANSION EVOLUTION SPACE OF URBAN RESIDENTIAL LAND
    Li Quan, Fen Yi, Guo Yan-yan, et al
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 53-60.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.010
    Abstract10884)      PDF(pc) (5916KB)(16868)       Save
    This paper, based on the Shenzhen's Nanshan community, adopts land load variable, land use intensity variable, land use structure variable and land use benefits variable to study the expansion evolution of residential land, and uses hierarchy analysis to evaluate its quality, aiming at disclosing the spatial use of urban residential land and at providing references for allocating urban residential land and improving land use efficiency. During 2009-2012, Nanshan district's had a rapid expansion rate in residential land with a lower quality in its spatial evolution, forming “SongpingshanAnle” center and “University CityLiuxian” sub-center, quality value diminishing outward.
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    SITUATION AND SUGGESTIONS OF CHINA'S LITHIUM RESOURCES INDUSTRY
    Liu Shu-fei, Chen De-wen, Li Hui-qian
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 12-15.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.006
    Abstract11379)      PDF(pc) (2039KB)(13553)       Save
    Lithium is increasingly being used as a rapid development of new energy vehicles and digital information industries. This paper, based on China's lithium resource distribution, supply and consumption, and technology, analyzes the situation of China's lithium industry, and presents issues such as poor resource occurrence, highly dependence upon imports, complicated extracting process, poor competitiveness, over production capacity, and low products, which constraints the sustainable development of China's lithium industry. This paper presents suggestions in intensifying lithium resource exploration, boosting high Mg/Li brines Liextracting technology, researching Li battery with high performance, and expanding Lithium products and strategic planning and optimizing lithium industrial layout.
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    Cited: Baidu(3)
    EXPLORATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUGGESTIONS FOR CHINA'S BAUXITE RESOURCE
    Chen Xi-feng
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (3): 16-22.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160613.003
    Abstract7047)      PDF(pc) (1475KB)(13446)       Save

    China has a surging demand for bauxite in recent years, but has a low bauxite resource

    guarantee internally, largely depending upon imported ores. This paper, based on the bauxite resource features in China, systematically analyzes the situation of China's bauxite exploration and development from reserve, production, exploration capital, exploration advances, mining situation, importing trade,alumina oxide production, and points out the issues, abundant total bauxite resources but less for minable, less exploration investment, limited newlydiscovered reserve, over mining, limited mining life, rising imported and dependence, surplus alumina oxide production capacity. Hence, four suggestions presented for the sustainable development, rationally develop and use internal bauxite resources, actively explore and develop the foreign bauxite, diversify imported bauxite sources, and disable the primitive production and transfer to the foreign.
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    Cited: Baidu(2)
    ACTUALITY OF AND APPROACHES TO LAOS'S POTASH RESOURCES
    Zhu Yan-zhe, Wu Jun, Yan Cheng-min
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 44-47.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160316.001
    Abstract10399)      PDF(pc) (1179KB)(12881)       Save
    Laos possesses abundant potash resources, which are mainly distributing along the Mekong river plain. The potash bed is hosted in the upper E1tg1-1, a marinesourced continental deposit. Chinese mining companies acquired KCl resource of 4 billion tons by exploration, with over 10 billion tons in inferred resource, also set up processing facilities for producing KCl with a capacity of 770kt/a, up to 7 150kt/a for future planning. Issues in Laos's potash exploration and development chiefly include large mining license area, over exploration, large KCl reserve, long term mining life, but the processing carnallite is not a mature technology. The large investment, high cost and long pay back and shortage of energy impact potash development. This paper presents suggestions in diminishing exploration investment, controlling development size, paying attentions on demandsupply, boosting potash processing technology, recovering Br, searching for sylvite deposit, exploring coal resources.
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    OUTLOOK FOR LITHIUM RESOURCE IN SEA SALT FIELDS
    Li Xiao-guang, Hou li-sheng, Li Zhi-dan, et al
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 48-52.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.014
    Abstract9603)      PDF(pc) (1279KB)(12856)       Save
    This paper selects two large sea salt producers in Bo Sea bay to study the Li content changes in their salt making processes with results showing that Li is enriching from sea water to final brine. LiCl becomes 97.27 mg/L and 138.15 mg/L in final brines in these two fields, reaching the cutoff grade of the brine Li. During producing sea salt, the crystallization of salts has a low absorption to Li+. According to China's sea salt production and Bo Sea Bay sampling data, Li metal is estimated to be 455.95t in final brines of China's all sea salt fields in 2013, equivalent to 2430.23t in Lithium Carbonate. Li content is high sea water in sea salt fields and tends to be concentrating in the final brine. Extracting Li technology is universal, which provides a prosperous outlook in extracting Li from sea salt field's brines. Extracting Li directly from sea water, if matures, is the future technology.
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    FUTURES PRICES VOLATILITY AND TREND FORECAST AT CARBON TRADING MARKET
    Bu Xing, An Hai-zhong, Wang Li-jun,et al
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 111-120.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160325.002
    Abstract11338)      PDF(pc) (2008KB)(12854)       Save
    At carbon trading market, different futures prices volatility and their interaction is complicated. Price trend forecasting plays a key part in financial investment. This paper, aiming at the nonlinear forecasting issues in carbon trading market, selects EUA futures and CER futures to study their long term cointegration relation, uses Granger causality test to determine its leading or lagging. The leading futures as input variable was used to set up neural network model of difference wavelet function that is improved by genetic algorithms. The lagging futures is forecasted and compared with neural network's forecasted results from preimproved BP wavelet neural network model. The results show a long term balanced cointegration of futures in carbon trading market. The improved model can effectively forecast the trend of futures, proving investment suggestions for carbon emission trading.
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    THE VOLATILITY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL NATURAL GAS IMPORT PRICES AND CRUDE OIL PRICES
    XIAO Jian-zhong, WANG Xiu-juan, CHEN Dan-yang
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 88-95.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.008
    Abstract13419)      PDF(pc) (1503KB)(12844)       Save
    This paper, based on the natural gas CIF of three gas importers, Japan, America and Germany and Brent crude oil price, uses vector auto regressive mode to study their longterm balance and dynamics. The results show a long term balance between the natural gas prices and Brent crude oil prices. Changes of Brent crude oil price by 1% will lead to positive change to the imported natural gas prices by 0.358% in Japan, by 0.061% in America, and by 0.802% in Germany. Variance decomposition indicates the natural gas prices of the three countries and Brent crude oil prices react largely with their own new information, but big difference in duration. In a long term, the natural gas prices will be influenced by Brent crude oil prices, Japan largely, followed by Germany, and then America.
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    AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF M&A PERFORMANCES OF CHINA'S ASTOCK LISTED PETROLEUM COMPANIES
    Chen Li-qin, Chen Peng-fei
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 103-110.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.001
    Abstract8299)      PDF(pc) (1423KB)(12822)       Save
    This paper selects 17 AStock listed petroleum companies who disclosed M&A events during 20072003, uses component analysis to establish a comprehensive scoring model based on financial data, which is employed to study their financial indexes and their short and longterm M&A performances based on their M&A frequency, scale and major business. The short term M&A performances are not as good as expected with the exception of 100% M&A. The long term M&A performances vary with companies and M&A events. The M&A performances irrelevant to major business are not good.
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    ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIAL LINKAGE DEVELOPMENT MODEL AND PATH SELECTION IN YILI RIVER VALLEY UNDER THE BACKGROUND OF “THE BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVES” STRATEGY
    Li Li, Rong Wei, Li Wen-na, et al
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 6-11.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.013
    Abstract13631)      PDF(pc) (1249KB)(12762)       Save
    This paper, based on Yili river valley's industrial development, discusses the path selection of its tertiary industries, and uses industrial linkage measurement model to evaluate the linkage effect among the first, second and third industries. The absolute linkage extent between the first and the third industries is far above the firstsecond and secondthird industries. The relative linkage extent in the secondthird industries has a rising trend except the firstsecond and firstthird industries. The overall linkage in the firstthird industries is far above the firstsecond and secondthird industries. This paper presents six modes and paths for industrial linkage development, and gives suggestions in promoting a bigger linkage effect among the tertiary industries in Yili river valley from industrial planning, industrial structure adjustment, and infrastructure optimization.
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    TEMPORALSPATIAL VARIANCE OF CHINA'S CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION INTENSITY
    Hu Yuan, Liu Gui-chun, Kong Xiang-zhen, et al
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 67-75.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.002
    Abstract11492)      PDF(pc) (3801KB)(12745)       Save
    This paper measures the carbon dioxide emission in energy consumption and cement production in Chinas 30 provinces (cities) in 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012, which is used as index to study the distribution, regional variance and concentration of carbon dioxide emission intensity by means of comparison, Theil index and ESDA. The results show an outstanding variance in their carbon dioxide emission intensity, but the overall trend is to be medium to low. Variance among eastern, central, western, and northeastern China is obvious and comes from internal regions. Chinas provinces display a positive spatial correlation in carbon dioxide emission intensity, rising numbers of provinces in LL concentration and falling in HH concentration.
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    RELATION BETWEEN POPULATION MIGRATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NORTHEASTERN CHINA BASED ON AN ECONOMIC GROWTH MODEL WITH ENDOGENIC POPULATION MIGRATION
    Song Ci, Sha Jing-hua, He Geng-yu
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 129-137.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.016
    Abstract11370)      PDF(pc) (1286KB)(12740)       Save
    Since 2012, the northeastern China had experienced lagging economy and decreasing population. This paper, aiming at the influence of population migration on economy, uses temporal series data to study population structure, labor quality, salary, and human capital in their changes, and conducts cointegration check on GDP growth rate with immigrants during 2001 to 2013. Migration as an endogenic variable is input into economic growth model, which shows a longterm balanced cointegration between GDP growth rate and immigrants. Population migration has a big influence on economy. Irrational population structure and inactive market economy are the vital cause that population migration influences economy in northeastern China. This paper presents suggestions in improving northeastern China's economy from reforming and boosting foreign trading.
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    REVIEWS ON CHINA'S RESOURCESBASED CITIESDEVELOPMENT UNDER LOW CARBON ECONOMY
    Jiang Meng
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 1-5.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.012
    Abstract11331)      PDF(pc) (1260KB)(12709)       Save
    Resourcesbased cities are Chinas important resource strategic bases. Lowcarbon economy needs to study the resourcebased cities from new perspective. This paper reviews the references from economic transformation, industrial transformation and developing model. Policy, market and technology can promote economy and reduce carbon dioxide emission on economic transformation. Optimize industrial structure, reshape traditional industry, and construct hightech zones on industrial transformation. Supportive policies, recycling economy and laws can drive the sustainable development of resourcesbased cities on developing model. This paper reviews the experiences of different resourcesbased cities under lowcarbon economy, providing references for planning sustainable development of resourcesbased cities.
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    APPROACHES TO THE COORDINATED DEVELOPMENT BETWEEN JIANGSU'S INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION
    Sun Hua, Wu Yao, Ju Jie
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 16-22.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.003
    Abstract11311)      PDF(pc) (1312KB)(12630)       Save
    Abstract: This paper selects appropriate indexes and uses principal component analysis to evaluate Jiangsu's countylevel urbanization and industrialization level, and uses correlation to analyze their coordination between Jiangsu's rural industrialization and rural urbanization with result showing a higher level of rural industrialization level, a bigger regional variance, a lower nonrural population in rural area. Jiangsu's countylevel industrialization is highly positive to urbanization. Their coordinated development has a larger regional variance. This paper presents suggestions in improving rural urbanization quality in southern Jiangsu, in boosting industrialization progress in northern Jiangsu, and in advancing their industrial linking development.
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    REVIEWS ON ECOLOGICAL COMPENSATION THEORY IN MINING ZONES
    Zhu Jiu-long, Tao Xiao-yan
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 82-86.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.005
    Abstract13163)      PDF(pc) (1250KB)(12595)       Save
    Extensive mineral development mode leads to environmental pollution and unfair distribution between ecological benefits and economic benefits during environmental protection. This paper, combined with the actuality of mining area, intensifies the study on ecological compensation by using references, reviews the compensation theory and practice from its definition, compensation objects, modes, standard and mechanism. The trend of ecological compensation will be quantitative, diversified compensation modes and rational compensation benefits distribution.
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    Cited: Baidu(3)
    SOCIAL BENEFITS ASSESSMENT OF MINE ENVIRONMENTAL REHABILITATION OF SUICHANG GOLD MINE
    JIN Xing, CAO Xi-shen
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 76-81.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.004
    Abstract13583)      PDF(pc) (1192KB)(12583)       Save
    Suichang gold mine improved its mine environment by conducting rehabilitation. This paper assesses its social benefits, and establishes it social benefits index system and assessment standard through references and site investigation. Each index is given the weight from expert's scoring. Rehabilitation data and information has been incorporated into the index system and calculate their score and total score. The results show that the mine rehabilitation makes tremendous social benefits in regional economy, people's living, social stability, regional image and demonstration, at an overall excellence. This assessment agrees the mine rehabilitation. Its experience shall be a reference to other mines.
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    MINING INDUSTRY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH BASED ON RSP ANALYSIS ON CHINA'S 100 MINING CITIES' PANEL DATA
    Gao Xiao-wei, Kong Rui
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 96-102.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.011
    Abstract11448)      PDF(pc) (1200KB)(12562)       Save
    Relation between mineral resources and economy is a popular research. Does “resource curse” really exist in China? Or where they are outstanding? Answers will correlate the policy. This paper uses RSR, which is seldom used, based on China's 100 mining cities' panel data, to establish a linear correlation model between mining and economy. Minerals resources contribute to economy at a rate of 39.23%. “Resource curse” does not exist in China as a whole, but do in western China, especially in Shanxi province.
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    COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION AND PLANNING SUGGESTIONS FOR XINJIANG'S EASTERN TIANSHAN'S MINERAL RESOURCES
    Wang Chun-yan, Su Yong-jin
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 36-43.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.017
    Abstract13359)      PDF(pc) (1658KB)(12542)       Save
    In order to improve the minerals exploration and regional planning in eastern Tainshan area, this paper conducts a comprehensive evaluation on miningrelated environment, technology and economy. From exploration, development and mine environmental protection and economic benefits, this paper selects 20 indexes in six aspects, and applies hierarchy analysis to establish comprehensive evaluation index system, which is used to measure the 19 mining districts by means of fuzzy method. Quantitative measurement combined with experts'experience to rank the 19 mining districts. Based on their actuality, this paper presents suggestions in minerals exploration and planning in Xinjiang's eastern Tianshan area.
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    SOCIOECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS OF KHOTHAGPA GYPSUM MINE
    Author: KARMA Galay, Translator: LIU Wei
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 121-128.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160414.001
    Abstract11195)      PDF(pc) (1363KB)(12510)       Save
    The study looks at the economic, social and environmental impacts of Khothagpa gypsum mining on people living nearby as well as at the national level. However, given the nonexistence of economic and social data on the communities, the impacts outlined in the study are mostly perceived ones.
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    COORDINATION BETWEEN SHANDONG'S URBANIZATION AND ECONOMY
    Li Ji-hong, Ma Hong-yun, Huang Qi
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 23-30.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160315.009
    Abstract13394)      PDF(pc) (1297KB)(12464)       Save
    This paper selects 14 indexes to establish a comprehensive index system of Shandong urbanization and economic development, and uses PCA to calculate Shandong's comprehensive index of urbanization level and economic level. Their coordination in 200520013 is analyzed through a case by using the quadrant method and the result shows a fluctuated improvement with a slight deviation, but in an interactive promotion. Their fluctuation is characterized by alternative advancing and lagging, but they are dynamically developing. Shandong develops its economy, and pays attention on its coordination with urbanization as well.
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    A CASE STUDY ON CHONGQING CITY: VIEWS ON SUPERVISION MECHANISM AND ISSUES REGARDING MINING RIGHTS ONSITE VERIFICATION AND RESERVE DYNAMIC MONITORING
    Li Ying-jiao, Long Shi-qing, Xiang Xin-tao, et al
    Resources & Industries    2016, 18 (2): 31-35.   DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20160325.001
    Abstract13511)      PDF(pc) (1277KB)(12458)       Save
    This paper, aiming at Chongqing's supervision mechanism and mining rights onsite verification dynamic monitoring, studies their supervision situation and issues. Since 2003, Chongqing had conducted mining rights onsite verification and reserve dynamic monitoring and made achievements in finding illegal activities. Administration of mining and mining rights mainly involves Chongqing land resources and house bureau, safety production supervision bureau, coal mine safety supervision bureau, coal industrial management bureau. Contents in mining rights onsite verification and reserve dynamic monitoring include mine safety mining and producing, mine environmental protection, sustainable development. The current issues are overlapping administrative functions, unclear responsibility, illegal mining activities, ineffective linkage of reserve dynamic monitoring. This paper presents suggestions in determining responsibility, handling illegal mining, constructing dynamic supervision database.
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