资源与产业 ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 61-71.DOI: 10.13776/j.cnki.resourcesindustries.20211014.004

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生态福利绩效视角下西部地区高质量发展路径研究——基于两阶段DEA与Tobit模型

东 梅 1,王妍璎 2,于 松 1,李鸿雁 1   

  1. (1. 宁夏大学 经济管理学院,宁夏 银川 750021;2. 宁夏大学 农学院,宁夏 银川 750021)
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-07 修回日期:2021-01-22 出版日期:2020-10-20 发布日期:2021-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 李鸿雁,博士生、副教授,主要从事区域经济与农村经济发展研究。
  • 作者简介:东梅,博士、教授,主要从事农业经济理论与政策、农村发展、移民发展研究。E-mail: nxdongmei@nxu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(72063025, 71863030);国家留学基金项目(201908465002);宁夏大学理论经济学一流学科建设项目(NXYLXK2017B04)。

QUALITY DEVELOPING PATH FOR WESTERN CHINA UNDER ECOLOGICAL WELFARE PERFORMANCE BASED ON TWO-STAGED DEA AND TOBIT MODELS

DONG Mei 1, WANG Yanying 2, YU Song 1, LI Hongyan 1   

  1. (1. School of Economics and Management, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China; 
    2. College of Agriculture, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China)
  • Received:2020-09-07 Revised:2021-01-22 Online:2020-10-20 Published:2021-11-20

摘要: 高质量发展是以创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的新理念,推动地区可持续发展,而从生态福利视角进行经济高质量发展的研究较少。本文从生态福利视角出发,评价西部地区的生态福利绩效,为该地区高质量发展提供路径选择具有重要的理论和实践意义。以西部11个省、市、自治区为例(因数据缺失,西藏除外),运用二阶段、非期望产出动态DEA模型,评价西部地区生态福利绩效水平,并采用Tobit模型寻找关键影响因素。研究发现:西部地区生态福利效率值为0.665,生态福利绩效整体水平不高,大部分省份没有实现高质量发展,主要是生态经济效率偏低,其平均值仅有0.5;十三五期间,西部地区经济效率有所下降;提高GDP可提高福利水平。为此,加快产业结构转型,发展绿色产业和循环经济,加大生态保护和环境治理力度,完善地方政府的考核指标方能推动经济高质量发展。

关键词: 生态福利, 高质量发展, 两阶段DEA模型, 西部地区, Tobit模型

Abstract: High-quality development is a new concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing, promoting sustainable development in the region, and there are few studies on high-quality economic development from the perspective of ecological welfare. From the perspective of ecological welfare, it is of great theoretical and practical significance to evaluate the ecological welfare performance of Western China and provide path choice for the high-quality development of this region. Based on the data of 11 provinces in Western China, this paper adopted two-stage dynamic non-expected DEA model to evaluate the level of ecological welfare performance. The results showed that the efficiency of ecological welfare in western China is 0.665, indicating that the overall level of ecological welfare performance is not high. Most provinces have not achieved high-quality development, mainly due to low ecological economic efficiency, with an average value of only 0.5. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the economic efficiency of the western region declined; Raising GDP increases welfare. To this end, we should accelerate the transformation of industrial structure, develop the circular economy and the green economy, raise GDP level, continue to increase investment in ecological protection and environmental governance, and improve the assessment indicators of local governments so as to promote high-quality economic development.

Key words: ecological welfare, high quality development, two-stage dynamic non-expected DEA model, Western China, Tobit model

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